Immigration in a nutshell - Volume 2
Our blog series provides practical knowledge from the field of business immigration.
In Switzerland, it is possible to apply for naturalisation under simplified conditions. In this blog post, you will learn more about the most important requirements and the procedure for facilitated naturalisation. The legal basis for this can be found in the Federal Act on Swiss Citizenship of 20 June 2014 (SCA; CC 141.0).
Who is eligible for simplified naturalisation?
Spouses of Swiss citizens are entitled to simplified naturalisation. If the foreign spouse lives in Switzerland, they must have been married to the Swiss spouse for at least three years and have resided in Switzerland for five years. Those who live or have lived abroad can apply if the marriage has lasted at least six years and there is a close connection to Switzerland. If the Swiss spouse only obtained Swiss citizenship through ordinary naturalisation after the marriage, the foreign spouse does not have the option of simplified naturalisation.
Furthermore, children of a naturalised parent under 22 years of age can apply for simplified naturalisation. However, it is a prerequisite that the child was a minor at the time of the parents' naturalisation application and was not included in the procedure at that time. In addition, the child of the naturalised parent must have lived in Switzerland for at least five years.
Third generation immigrants can also apply for simplified naturalisation. Third generation immigrants include persons who were born in Switzerland, have a permanent residence permit and have attended compulsory schooling in Switzerland for at least five years. In addition, the parents and grandparents of the applicant must meet certain requirements regarding their residence in Switzerland.
Most important prerequisites
If you want to become a naturalised citizen, you have to be successfully integrated. This is demonstrated above all by the language (as a rule, language competence in a Swiss national language at reference level A2 [written] and B1 [oral] is required) and by participation in economic life or attendance at a school/university. In addition to successful integration, it is required that the person who wants to be naturalised in a facilitated procedure does not pose a threat to the internal or external security of Switzerland.
The State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) is responsible for the entire simplified naturalisation procedure and for the decision. The canton and the municipality in which the applicant resides are only heard and can have the simplified naturalisation reviewed by a court. Even for this simplified naturalisation procedure it will take approximately two years from application to decision.
If you have any questions regarding the simplified naturalisation, our immigration team will be happy to help.